Essential Nutrients Your Dog Needs
Jan 30 2023
Published By : Eden Pets Care

Essential Nutrients Your Dog Needs

Here are some 6 essential Nutrients that your dog needs.


Water is the primary nutrient needed for your dog. Matured dog need 70 to 80% of body mass. Without water, dogs will not be able to function. Water content in the Body will dissolve and transport nutrients to cells, regulate body temperature, digest foods, flush away waste etc. It’s important to make sure your dog has access to an adequate supply of clean water daily. According to the PetMD organisation recommendation, They suggest that dogs should drink approximately one ounce of water per pound of body weight each day.


Dogs require certain fatty acids that their bodies cannot produce naturally. These fats are called essential fatty acids. It protects internal organs, Regulate body temperature. Not all fats are good for your dog. Carefully consider the source, quality, and quantity of the fat when choosing a quality dog food. It is suggested that fat is assigned 8.6 calories per gram.


Protein produces energy and supplies the body what it needs to create a solid structure (skin, nails, muscles, and bones). The body cannot store protein, so it requires a constant supply. Proteins are made up of amino acids, dogs need 22 amino acids to produce the proteins necessary to survive. A dog’s body can naturally make about half of those amino acids, but the rest comes from the food your dog eats every day. Essential amino acids are, as the name hints at, essential to your dog’s health but sourced from food. Both the amount and the ratio of essential amino acids is important.

To ensure your dog is fueling their day and body with enough protein, look for dog foods with natural, high-quality proteins as the first ingredient.The type of protein fish, meat, or poultry is up to your dog’s personal taste preferences and any other specific dietary needs the protein source may provide.


Carbohydrates serve as a primary source of fuel and are a dog’s main source of glucose (energy). Carbs are not essential to a dog’s diet; however, they are associated with important vitamins, minerals and plant-based nutrients. Grains, barley, brown rice, whole corn or potatoes are all examples of carbs.


According to AAFCO's guidelines, Your pup should be receiving many of the vitamins necessary to keep them healthy and happy. Vitamins support many critical roles in your dog’s diet and are essential for growth and health maintenance. Here are some list of vitamins & importance of it:

  • Vitamin D helps to regulate calcium and phosphorus levels
  • Vitamin A helps to boost the immune system
  • Vitamin E and C serve as antioxidants
  • Vitamin K helps with blood clots and
  • Vitamin B12 helps maintain a healthy nervous system


Just like vitamins, minerals support several critical roles in a dog’s diet. While different minerals provide different benefits, some general functions include bone and cartilage formation, hormone regulation, oxygen flow, and nerve and muscle function. Below are some specific attributes of essential minerals for your dog.

  • Calcium and phosphorus make up a large portion of bone matter
  • Iron helps to carry oxygen through the body
  • Zinc supports proper wound healing
  • Selenium helps provide antioxidant support
  • Sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium help with nerve transmission and fluid balance

Above mentioned 6 are the Essential Nutrients for dogs. Visit Eden’s pet care for consultation.